Wednesday, July 13, 2011

Colour theory part two



Following Colour theory part one a lesson about the effect that colours have on each other.

The aim of this lesson is that students discover the effect of primary and secondary colours on one another.


You need:

  1. two sheets of white or black paper, A3 size

  2. coloured sheets in red, yellow, blue, orange, green and purple

  3. glue

Pre-cut squares of coloured paper. Per student you need: 5 squares of 5 by 5 cm in all six colours and five squares of 3 by 3 cm in all six colours.



Repeat the terms primary and secondary colours and name the colours. Tell students they will see today how the colours interact. What would be yellow on blue? What about red on purple? What colours would stand out well, what not? Try to discover how we can systematically investigate. Eventually you come to the following concept:


A. primary on primary.

B. primary on secundary.

C. secundary on primary.

D. secundary on secundary.
primary on primary


A. Primary on primary.
To make all combinations of primary on primary to make you need 2 large and 2 small squares of all primary colours. Ask students to find out how, or give them the solution:
- blue on yellow and red on yellow

- yellow on blue and red on blue

- yellow on red and blue on red

Paste all combinations on a sheet of white paper. Write under it: primary on primary.



secundary on primary


B. Secundary on primary.

To make all combinations of  secundary on primary, you need 3 large squares of each primary colour and three small squares of each secundary colour. Ask students to find out how, or give them the solution:

- orange on yellow, purple on yellow, green on yellow
- green on blue, orange on blauw, purple on blue

- purple on red, green on red, orange on red

Paste all combinations on a sheet of white paper. Be sure the big squares in the same colour are next to each other. Write under it: secundary on primary.





primary on secundary


C. Primary on secundary.

To make all combinations of primary on secundary, you need 3 big squares of each secundary colour and 3 small ones of each primary colour. Ask students to find out how combinations have to be made, or give them the solution:

- yellow on orange, blue on orange, red on orange
- yellow on purple, blue on purple, red on purple

- yellow on green, blue on green, red on green

Paste all combinations on a sheet of white paper. Be sure the big squares in the same colour are next to each other. Write under it: primary on secundary.



secundary on secundary


D. Secundary on secundary.
To make all combinations of secundary on secundary, you need 2 big and 2 small squares of each secundary colour. Ask students to find out how combinations have to be made, or give them the solution: 

- purple on green, orange on green

- orange on purple, green on purple

- purple on orange, green on orange

Paste all combinations on a sheet of white paper. Write under it: secundary on secundary.



Ask students after making this work to discuss see which colors are most contrasting, which you hardly see, etc.